Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy

CNR-NANO and CNR-INO

The CNR research activities will be developed within two research laboratories: ii) Institute of Nanoscience (CNR-NANO) in Pisa; i) National Institute of Optics (CNR-INO) in Florence;
The CNR-NANO research activities will be developed within the National Enterprise for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology NEST at the Scuola Normale Superiore, the leading Italian higher education institute for physics and exact sciences. NEST is a research and training centre where physicists, chemists and biologists investigate scientific issues at the nanoscale. This knowledge is exploited to develop innovative nano-biotechnological tools, nanoelectronic and photonic devices and architectures. With a total staff of 120 people NEST activities address a rather broad range of research activities that span from semiconductor/superconductor nanostructure design, photonics, growth and experimental investigation to single-molecule studies in live cells and tissues, with a unique close cultural integration of its multidisciplinary teams which is characteristic of nanoscience.
CNR-NANO highlights include: internationally leading contributions in the development of the first Terahertz quantum cascade lasers, patented and industrially-licensed, development and implementation of the first nanowire and graphene THz room temperature nanodetectors, the development of THz waveguides and a wealth of seminal contributions in the field of tunable, ultra-narrow, aperiodic and random THz QC lasers.

The CNR-INO (National Institute of Optics) has been working for over 80 years in several fields of Optics With over 160 employees INO activities include pure and applied photonics and atomic, molecular and optical research, as well as technological transfer and services for public Institutions and companies.

CNR-NANO highlights includes: internationally leading contributions in the field of high-sensitivity and high-precision spectroscopic techniques, non-linear optics, high-precision molecular spectroscopy in mid-IR and THz spectral ranges

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